November 18, 2022

2023 Health Plan Compliance Deadlines

Employers must comply with numerous reporting and disclosure requirements throughout the year in connection with their group health plans. This Compliance Overview explains key 2023 compliance deadlines for employer-sponsored group health plans. It also outlines group health plan notices employers must provide each year.

Some of the compliance deadlines summarized below are tied to a group health plan’s plan year. For these requirements, the chart below shows the deadline that applies to calendar-year plans. For non-calendar-year plans, these deadlines will need to be adjusted to reflect each plan’s specific plan year.

Determining the Plan Year

The “plan year” is the calendar, policy or fiscal year on which the records of the plan are kept. Many employers operate their group health plans on a calendar-year basis from Jan. 1 through Dec. 31 of each year. Other employers operate their plans on a non-calendar-year basis, which may be consistent with the company’s taxable year or with an insured plan’s policy year.

2023 Compliance Deadlines

JANUARY   
DeadlineRequirementApplicabilityDescription
Jan. 31Reporting health plan costs on Form W-2Employers that filed 250 or more IRS Forms W-2 for the prior calendar yearEmployers that filed 250 or more IRS Forms W-2 for the prior calendar year must include the aggregate cost of employer-sponsored health plan coverage on employees’ Forms W-2. This reporting is optional for employers that had to file fewer than 250 Forms W-2 for the prior calendar year. Employers must file Forms W-2 with the Social Security Administration and furnish Forms W-2 to employees by Jan. 31 of each year unless an extension applies.
FEBRUARY   
DeadlineRequirementApplicabilityDescription
Feb. 28Section 6056 reporting (paper filing deadline)Employers that are applicable large employers (ALEs) and sponsor fully insured health plansInternal Revenue Code (Code) Section 6056 requires ALEs with fully insured health plans to report information about the health plan coverage to the IRS each year using IRS Forms 1094-C and 1095-C. The deadline for filing paper versions of the forms with the IRS is Feb. 28, 2023; the deadline for electronic filing is March 31, 2023.
Feb. 28Section 6055 reporting (paper filing deadline)Employers that are not ALEs and sponsor self-insured health plansCode Section 6055 requires employers with self-insured health plans to report information about the coverage to the IRS each year. Employers that are not ALEs use IRS Forms 1094-B and 1095-B to meet these reporting obligations. The deadline for filing paper versions of the forms with the IRS is Feb. 28, 2023; the deadline for electronic filing is March 31, 2023.
Feb. 28Section 6055/6056 reporting (paper filing deadline)Employers that are ALEs and sponsor self-insured health plansCode Sections 6055 and 6056 require ALEs that sponsor self-insured health plans to report information about the coverage to the IRS each year using IRS Forms 1094-C and 1095-C. The deadline for filing paper versions of the forms is Feb. 28, 2023; the deadline for electronic filing is March 31, 2023.
MARCH   
DeadlineRequirementApplicabilityDescription
March 1Medicare Part D disclosure to CMSGroup health plans that provide prescription drug coverage to individuals who are eligible for Medicare Part DGroup health plan sponsors that provide prescription drug coverage to Medicare Part D-eligible individuals must disclose to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) whether prescription drug coverage is creditable or non-creditable. In general, a plan’s prescription drug coverage is creditable if its actuarial value equals or exceeds the actuarial value of the Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage.
Plan sponsors must make the disclosure annually and at other select times using CMS’ online disclosure form. Plan sponsors must submit the annual disclosure to CMS within 60 days after the beginning of the plan year. For calendar-year plans, the deadline is March 1, 2023.
March 2Section 6056 individual statementsEmployers that are ALEs and sponsor fully insured health plansCode Section 6056 requires ALEs with fully insured health plans to provide information about health plan coverage to their full-time employees each year using IRS Form 1095-C. In general, these statements were required to be provided to employees on or before Jan. 31. However, the IRS extended the annual deadline for furnishing employee statements for 30 days from Jan. 31. With the extension, this deadline is March 2, 2023.
March 2Section 6055 individual statementsEmployers that are not ALEs and sponsor self-insured health plansCode Section 6056 requires ALEs with fully insured health plans to provide information about health plan coverage to their full-time employees each year using IRS Form 1095-C. In general, these statements were required to be provided to employees on or before Jan. 31. However, the IRS extended the annual deadline for furnishing employee statements for 30 days from Jan. 31. With the extension, this deadline is March 2, 2023.
March 2Section 6055/6056 individual statementsEmployers that are ALEs and sponsor self-insured health plansCode Section 6055 requires employers with self-insured health plans to provide information about the coverage to enrolled employees each year. Employers that are not ALEs use IRS Form 1095-B to provide this health coverage information, generally on or before Jan. 31. However, the IRS extended the annual deadline for furnishing employee statements for 30 days from Jan. 31. With the extension, this deadline is March 2, 2023.
Alternative method of furnishing: An alternative method to furnish statements to individuals is available under Code Section 6055. Under this alternative method, the employer must post a clear and conspicuous notice on its website stating that individuals may receive a copy of their statement upon request. Employers must also provide an individual statement within 30 days of any request.
March 31Section 6056 reporting (electronic filing deadline)Employers that are ALEs and sponsor fully insured health plansCode Sections 6055 and 6056 require ALEs that sponsor self-insured health plans to report information about the coverage to covered employees each year using IRS Form 1095-C. In general, these statements were required to be provided on or before Jan. 31. However, the IRS extended the annual deadline for furnishing employee statements for 30 days from Jan. 31. With the extension, this deadline is March 2, 2023.
Alternative method of furnishing: The alternative method described above applies to the requirement to furnish Form 1095-C to any non-full-time employees enrolled in an ALE’s self-insured plan.
March 31Section 6055 reporting (electronic filing deadline)Employers that are not ALEs and sponsor self-insured health plansCode Section 6056 requires ALEs with fully insured health plans to report information about health plan coverage to the IRS using IRS Forms 1094-C and 1095-C. The deadline for electronic filing is March 31, 2023.
March 31Sections 6055/6056 reporting (electronic filing deadline)Employers that are ALEs and sponsor self-insured health plansCode Section 6055 requires employers with self-insured health plans to report information about the coverage to the IRS each year. Employers that are not ALEs use IRS Forms 1094-B and 1095-B to meet these reporting obligations. The deadline for electronic filing is March 31, 2023.
JUNE   
DeadlineRequirementApplicabilityDescription
June 1Prescription drug reportingGroup health plans and health insurance issuersA new transparency provision requires employer-sponsored health plans and health insurance issuers to report information about prescription drugs and health care spending to the federal government annually. This reporting process is referred to as the “prescription drug data collection” (or “RxDC report”).
The first RxDC report (due by Dec. 27, 2022) covers data for 2020 and 2021. Going forward, the annual deadline is June 1 of the calendar year immediately following the reference year. This means that the second RxDC report is due by June 1, 2023, and will cover data for 2022. Most employers will rely on third parties, such as issuers, third-party administrators (TPAs) or pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs) to prepare and submit the RxDC report for their health plans.
JULY   
DeadlineRequirementApplicabilityDescription
July 31PCORI feeEmployers with self-insured health plansEmployers with self-insured health plans must pay an annual fee to fund the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). Self-insured health plans that are subject to PCORI fees include self-funded medical plans, as well as HRAs offered in conjunction with fully insured group medical plans. HRAs offered with self-insured group medical plans are not subject to separate PCORI fees if the HRA and the medical plan have the same plan sponsor and plan year.
Employers use IRS Form 720 to report and pay PCORI fees, which are due by July 31 of the year following the last day of the plan year.
*The PCORI fees originally applied for plan years ending before Oct. 1, 2019. However, a 2019 spending resolution reinstated PCORI fees through 2029. As a result, self-insured health plans must continue to pay these fees through 2029.
July 31Form 5500 (regular deadline)Employers with ERISA-covered group health plans that do not qualify for the small plan exemptionEmployers with ERISA-covered welfare benefit plans are required to file an annual Form 5500 unless a reporting exemption applies. The Form 5500 must be filed by the last day of the seventh month following the end of the plan year unless an extension applies. For calendar-year plans, this deadline is generally July 31. An employer may request a one-time extension of 2.5 months by filing IRS Form 5558 by the normal due date of the Form 5500. If the Form 5558 is filed on or before the normal due date of the Form 5500, the extension is automatically granted.
Small health plans (fewer than 100 participants) that are fully insured, unfunded or a combination of insured/unfunded are generally exempt from the Form 5500 filing requirement.
SEPTEMBER   
DeadlineRequirementApplicabilityDescription
Sept. 30Medical loss ratio (MLR) rebatesEmployers with fully insured health plans that receive MLR rebatesIssuers must spend a minimum percentage of their premium dollars, or MLR, on medical care and health care quality improvement. Issuers that do not meet the applicable MLR must pay rebates to consumers.
Sponsors of insured health plans may receive rebates if their issuers did not meet their MLR. Rebates must be provided to plan sponsors by Sept. 30, following the end of the MLR reporting year. Employers that receive rebates should consider their legal options for using the rebate. Any rebate amount that qualifies as a plan asset under ERISA must be used for the exclusive benefit of the plan’s participants and beneficiaries.
Also, as a general rule, plan sponsors should use the rebate within three months of receiving it to avoid ERISA’s trust requirements. Plan sponsors that receive a rebate prior to Sept. 30 may need to adjust their deadline to use the rebate.
Sept. 30Summary annual report
(regular deadline)
Group health plans that are subject to the Form 5500 filing requirement (and have not extended the Form 5500 deadline)Employers that are required to file a Form 5500 must provide participants with a summary of the information in the Form 5500, called a summary annual report (SAR). The plan administrator generally must provide the SAR within nine months of the close of the plan year. For calendar-year plans, this deadline is Sept. 30, 2023.
If an extension of time to file the Form 5500 is obtained, the plan administrator must furnish the SAR within two months after the close of the extension period.
Plans that are exempt from the annual 5500 filing requirement are not required to provide a SAR. Large, completely unfunded health plans are also generally exempt from the SAR requirement.
OCTOBER   
DeadlineRequirementApplicabilityDescription
Oct. 14Medicare Part D noticesGroup health plans that provide prescription drug coverage to individuals eligible for Medicare Part DEmployers with group health plans that provide prescription drug coverage must notify Medicare Part D-eligible individuals by Oct. 14 of each year about whether the drug coverage is at least as good as Medicare Part D coverage (in other words, whether their prescription drug coverage is “creditable” or “non-creditable”).
If a health plan’s open enrollment period begins on or before Oct. 14, the Medicare Part D notice may be included in the plan’s open enrollment materials. Model disclosure notices are available on CMS’ website.
Oct. 14Form 5500
(extended deadline)
Employers with ERISA-covered group health plans that do not qualify for the small plan exemption (and have timely requested an extension to the filing deadline)Employers with ERISA-covered welfare benefit plans are required to file an annual Form 5500, unless a reporting exemption applies. The Form 5500 must be filed by the last day of the seventh month following the end of the plan year unless an extension applies. An employer may request a one-time extension of 2.5 months by filing IRS Form 5558 by the normal due date of the Form 5500. If the Form 5558 is filed on or before the normal due date of the Form 5500 or 5500-SF, the extension is automatically granted. For calendar-year plans, this extended deadline is Oct. 16, 2023.
DECEMBER   
DeadlineRequirementApplicabilityDescription
Dec. 15SAR (extended deadline)Group health plans that are subject to the Form 5500 filing requirement (if Form 5500 deadline was extended)Employers that are required to file a Form 5500 must provide participants with a summary of the information in the Form 5500, called a SAR. The plan administrator generally must provide the SAR within nine months of the close of the plan year. If an extension of time to file the Form 5500 is obtained, the plan administrator must furnish the SAR within two months after the close of the extension period. For calendar-year plans, this extended deadline is Dec. 15, 2023.
Plans that are exempt from the annual 5500 filing requirement are not required to provide a SAR. Large, completely unfunded health plans are also generally exempt from the SAR requirement.
Annual Notices  
NoticeApplicabilityDescription
Summary of benefits and coverage (SBC)Group health plans and health insurance issuersGroup health plans and health insurance issuers are required to provide an SBC to applicants and enrollees each year at open enrollment or renewal time. The issuer for fully insured plans usually prepares the SBC. If the issuer prepares the SBC, an employer is not also required to prepare an SBC for the health plan, although the employer may need to distribute the SBC prepared by the issuer. The DOL’s website includes SBC templates.
Women’s Health and Cancer Rights Act (WHCRA) noticeGroup health plans that provide medical and surgical benefits for mastectomiesGroup health plans must provide a notice about the WHCRA’s coverage requirements at the time of enrollment and on an annual basis after enrollment. The annual WHCRA notice can be provided at any time during the year. Employers often include the annual notice with their open enrollment materials. Employers that redistribute their summary plan descriptions (SPDs) each year can satisfy the annual notice requirement by including the WHCRA notice in their SPDs. Model language is available in the DOL’s compliance assistance guide.
Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) noticeGroup health plans that cover residents in a state that provides a premium assistance subsidy under a Medicaid plan or CHIPIf an employer’s group health plan covers residents in a state that provides a premium subsidy under a Medicaid plan or CHIP, the employer must send an annual notice about the available assistance to all employees residing in that state. The DOL has a model notice that employers may use. The annual CHIP notice can be provided at any time during the year. Employers often provide the CHIP notice with their open enrollment materials.
SPDGroup health plans subject to ERISAAn SPD must be provided to new health plan participants within 90 days of the start of their plan coverage. Employers may include the SPD in their open enrollment materials to make sure employees who newly enroll receive the SPD on a timely basis. Also, an employer should include the SPD with its enrollment materials if it includes notices required to be provided at the time of enrollment, such as the WHCRA notice.
In addition, an updated SPD must be provided to participants at least every five years if material modifications have been made during that period. If no material modifications have been made, an updated SPD must be provided at least every 10 years.
SMMGroup health plans subject to ERISAUnder ERISA, a summary of material modifications (SMM) must be provided when there is a material change in the terms of the plan or any change in the information required to be in the SPD. As a general rule, the plan sponsor must provide the SMM within 210 days after the close of the plan year in which the change was adopted. A shorter deadline may apply in some circumstances, depending on the nature of the modification or change. If the change is a material reduction in group health plan benefits or services, the deadline for providing the SMM is 60 days after the change is adopted.
Employers should communicate plan changes to participants as soon as possible to help avoid benefit disputes. When plan changes take effect at the beginning of the upcoming plan year, employers may decide to include the SMMs in their open enrollment materials.
COBRA General NoticeGroup health plans subject to COBRAGroup health plans must provide a written General Notice of COBRA Rights to covered employees within 90 days after their health plan coverage begins. Employers may include the General Notice in their open enrollment materials to ensure that employees who newly enroll during open enrollment receive the notice on a timely basis. The DOL has a COBRA Model General Notice that can be used by group health plans to meet their notice obligations.
Grandfathered plan noticeHealth plans that have grandfathered status under the Affordable Care ActTo maintain a plan’s grandfathered status, the plan sponsor or issuer must include a statement of the plan’s grandfathered status in plan materials provided to participants describing the plan’s benefits (such as the SPD, insurance certificate and open enrollment materials). The DOL has provided a model notice for grandfathered plans.
Notice of patient protectionsGroup health plans that require the designation of a participating primary care providerIf a health plan requires participants to designate a participating primary care provider, the plan or issuer must provide a notice of patient protections whenever the SPD or similar description of benefits is provided to a participant. This notice is often included in the SPD or insurance certificate provided by the issuer (or otherwise provided with enrollment materials). The DOL has provided a model notice of patient protections for plans and issuers to use.
HIPAA privacy noticeSelf-insured group health plansThe HIPAA Privacy Rule requires self-insured health plans to maintain and provide their own privacy notices. Special rules, however, apply for fully insured plans. Under these rules, the health insurance issuer, not the health plan itself, is primarily responsible for the privacy notice.
Self-insured health plans are required to send the privacy notice at certain times, including to new enrollees at the time of enrollment. Thus, the privacy notice should be provided with the plan’s open enrollment materials. Also, at least once every three years, health plans must either redistribute the privacy notice or notify participants that the privacy notice is available and explain how to obtain a copy. The Department of Health and Human Services provides model privacy notices for health plans to choose from.
HIPAA special enrollment noticeAll group health plansAt or prior to the time of enrollment, a group health plan must provide each eligible employee with a notice of his or her special enrollment rights under HIPAA. This notice should be included with the plan’s enrollment materials. It is often included in the health plan’s SPD or insurance booklet.
Wellness notice—HIPAAGroup health plans with health-contingent wellness programsEmployers with health-contingent wellness programs must provide a notice that informs employees that there is an alternative way to qualify for the program’s reward. This notice must be included in all plan materials that describe the terms of the wellness program. If wellness program materials are being distributed at open enrollment (or renewal time), the notice should be included with those materials. Sample language is available in the DOL’s compliance assistance guide.
Wellness notice—Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)Wellness programs that collect health information or include medical examsTo comply with the ADA, wellness plans that collect health information or involve medical exams must provide a notice to employees that explains how the information will be used, collected and kept confidential. Employees must receive this notice before providing any health information and with enough time to decide whether to participate in the program. Employers implementing a wellness program for the upcoming plan year should include this notice in their open enrollment materials. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has provided a sample notice for employers to use.

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